In this chapter (other than subchapter III):
(1) Average crop revenue election payment
The term "average crop revenue election payment" means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 8715 1 of this title.
(2) Base acres (A) In general
The term "base acres", with respect to a covered commodity on a farm, means the number of acres established under section 7911 of this title as in effect on September 30, 2007, subject to any adjustment under section 8711 of this title.
The term "base acres for peanuts" has the meaning given the term in section 8751 of this title.
(3) Counter-cyclical payment
The term "counter-cyclical payment" means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 8714 1 of this title.
(4) Covered commodity
The term "covered commodity" means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, long grain rice, medium grain rice, pulse crops, soybeans, and other oilseeds.
(5) Direct payment
The term "direct payment" means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 8713 1 of this title.
(6) Effective price
The term "effective price", with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price calculated by the Secretary under section 8714 1 of this title to determine whether counter-cyclical payments are required to be made for that crop year.
(7) Extra long staple cotton
The term "extra long staple cotton" means cotton that—
(A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the Barbadense species or any hybrid of the species, or other similar types of extra long staple cotton, designated by the Secretary, having characteristics needed for various end uses for which United States upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated cotton-growing regions of the United States designated by the Secretary or other areas designated by the Secretary as suitable for the production of the varieties or types; and
(B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin for experimental purposes.
(8) Loan commodity
The term "loan commodity" means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, long grain rice, medium grain rice, soybeans, other oilseeds, graded wool, nongraded wool, mohair, honey, dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
(9) Medium grain rice
The term "medium grain rice" includes short grain rice.
(10) Other oilseed
The term "other oilseed" means a crop of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or any oilseed designated by the Secretary.
(11) Payment acres
The term "payment acres" means, in the case of direct payments and counter-cyclical payments—
(A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), 85 percent of the base acres of a covered commodity on a farm on which direct payments or counter-cyclical payments are made; and
(B) in the case of direct payments for each of the 2009 through 2011 crop years, 83.3 percent of the base acres for the covered commodity on a farm on which direct payments are made.
(12) Payment yield
The term "payment yield" means the yield established for direct payments and the yield established for counter-cyclical payments under section 7912 of this title as in effect on September 30, 2007, or under section 8712 of this title, for a farm for a covered commodity.
(13) Producer (A) In general
The term "producer" means an owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that shares in the risk of producing a crop and is entitled to share in the crop available for marketing from the farm, or would have shared had the crop been produced.
(B) Hybrid seed
In determining whether a grower of hybrid seed is a producer, the Secretary shall—
(i) not take into consideration the existence of a hybrid seed contract; and
(ii) ensure that program requirements do not adversely affect the ability of the grower to receive a payment under this chapter.
(14) Pulse crop
The term "pulse crop" means dry peas, lentils, small chickpeas, and large chickpeas.
The term "State" means—
(A) a State;
(B) the District of Columbia;
(C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
(D) any other territory or possession of the United States.
(16) Target price
The term "target price" means the price per bushel, pound, or hundredweight (or other appropriate unit) of a covered commodity used to determine the payment rate for counter-cyclical payments.
(17) United States
The term "United States", when used in a geographical sense, means all of the States.
(18) United States Premium Factor
The term "United States Premium Factor" means the percentage by which the difference in the United States loan schedule premiums for Strict Middling (SM) 11/8-inch upland cotton and for Middling (M) 13/32-inch upland cotton exceeds the difference in the applicable premiums for comparable international qualities.
REFERENCES IN TEXT This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this title", meaning title I of Pub. L. 110–246, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of title I to the Code, see Tables. Section 8715 of this title, referred to in par. (1), was repealed by Pub. L. 113–79, title I, §1103(a), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 658. Section 8714 of this title, referred to in pars. (3) and (6), was repealed by Pub. L. 113–79, title I, §1102(a), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 658. Section 8713 of this title, referred to in par. (5), was repealed by Pub. L. 113–79, title I, §1101, Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 658.CODIFICATION Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical sections. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.EFFECTIVE DATE Enactment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.
7 U.S.C. § 8702 (2018)