On and after the entering into force of the Agreement with respect to the United States, and for such period before January 1, 1985, as the Agreement remains in force, the President may, in order to carry out and enforce the provisions of the Agreement—
(1) regulate the entry of sugar by appropriate means, including, but not limited to—
(A) the imposition of limitations on the entry of sugar which is the product of foreign countries, territories, or areas not members of the International Sugar Organization, and
(B) the prohibition of the entry of any shipment or quantity of sugar not accompanied by a valid certificate of contribution or such other documentation as may be required under the Agreement;
(2) require of appropriate persons the keeping of such records, statistics, and other information, and the submission of such reports, relating to the entry, distribution, prices, and consumption of sugar and alternative sweeteners as he may from time to time prescribe; and
(3) take such other action, and issue and enforce such rules or regulations, as he may consider necessary or appropriate in order to implement the rights and obligations of the United States under the Agreement.
AMENDMENTS 1983—Pub. L. 97–446 substituted "1985" for "1983".UNITED STATES MEMBERSHIP IN THE INTERNATIONAL SUGAR ORGANIZATION Pub. L. 110–234, title I, §1402, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 981, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title I, §1402, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1709, provided that: "The Secretary [of Agriculture] shall work with the Secretary of State to restore United States membership in the International Sugar Organization not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [June 18, 2008]." [Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical provisions. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.] ELIMINATION OF SUGAR QUOTA ALLOCATION OF PANAMA Pub. L. 101–167, title V, §562, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1241, provided that: "(a) In General.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no sugars, sirups, or molasses that are products of Panama may be imported into the United States after the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 21, 1989] during any period for which a limitation is imposed by authorities provided under any other law on the total quantity of sugars, sirups, and molasses that may be imported into the United States: Provided, That such products may be imported after the beginning of the last week of any quota year if the President certifies that for the entire duration of the quota year, freedom of the press and other constitutional guarantees, including due process of law, have been restored to the Panamanian people. "(b) Reallocation of Quota Amounts.—For any quota year for which the President does not certify for the entire duration of the quota year, freedom of the press and all other constitutional guarantees, including due process of law, have been restored to the Panamanian people, no later than the last week of such quota year, the United States Trade Representative shall reallocate among other foreign countries (but, primarily, among beneficiary countries of the Caribbean Basin Initiative and Bolivia) the quantity of sugar, sirup, and molasses products of Panama that could have been imported into the United States before the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 21, 1989] under any limitation imposed by other law on the total quantity of sugars, sirups, and molasses that may be imported into the United States during any period: Provided, That no one country may receive more than 20 per centum of such reallocation. "(c) Certification.—The provisions of subsections (a) and (b), and the amendments made by subsection (c) of section 571 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs, Appropriations Act, 1988 [section 101(e) [title V, §571] of Pub. L. 100–202, formerly set out below], shall cease to apply if the President certifies to Congress pursuant to section 561(a) of this Act [section 561(a) of Pub. L. 101–167, which is set out as a note under section 2151 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse]." Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts: Pub. L. 100–461, title V, §565, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268–42. Pub. L. 100–202, §101(e) [title V, §571], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–131, 1329–175.EX. ORD. NO. 12224. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SUGAR AGREEMENT Ex. Ord. No. 12224, July 1, 1980, 45 F.R. 45243, provided: By the authority vested in me as President of the United States of America by an Act providing for the Implementation of the International Sugar Agreement, 1977, and for Other Purposes (P.L. 96–236; 94 Stat. 336) [this chapter] and Section 301 of Title 3 of the United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows: 1–101. The functions vested in the President by Public Law 96–236 (94 Stat. 336) are delegated to the United States Trade Representative. 1–102. In carrying out the functions delegated to him, the United States Trade Representative shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of State. The United States Trade Representative may, with the consent of the head of another Executive agency, redelegate some or all of those functions to the head of such agency. 1–103. This Order is effective July 1, 1980. JIMMY CARTER.
7 U.S.C. § 3602 (2018)